Over the last quarter century, Truth and Reconciliation Commissions (TRC) emerged as the international norm during in many peace processes. They have been established in nearly 40 countries and have become an important element for national re-conciliation and post-conflict peace-building.
Some of them have been ill-born, while others have been successful, providing a model for future truth-seeking processes.
TRCs have been established in countries emerging out of conflict or political turmoil in all parts of the globe. They are official, temporary bodies set up in a conflict-torn country to investigate instances widespread violations of human rights and humanitarian law over a specific period of time. Their purpose is to clarify what actually happened during the conflict and to establish a common truth and history about the human rights violations.
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