People of Cyprus: The Videos

Ppl of Cyprus The videos

Ppl of Cyprus The videos

In the first video, the Cypriot Puzzle examines the population development on the island.

  • When did the first inhabitants of the island arrive?
  • Who has passed from the island and what were the significant historical developments that influenced it?
  • How did the population shape after the independence of Cyprus?
  • What is the number of Cyprus’ inhabitants today and how can they be classified?

Watch the video (english,greek and turkish subtitles available):

In the second video, the Cypriot Puzzle focuses on the vast majority of the People of Cyprus.

  • Which are the two communities that make up the vast majority of the People of Cyprus?
  • What are their stories on the island and what are their traits?
  • What is the number of people comprising each community today?
  • Have these communities ever co-existed?

Watch the video (english,greek and turkish subtitles available):

In the third video, the Cypriot Puzzle discusses the rest of the ‘citizens,’ the three constitutionally recognized minorities.

  • What are the minority groups in Cyprus?
  • What is their story on the island?
  • How has their population developed through the years?
  • What are the historical developments that influenced them?
  • What are their population numbers today?

Watch the video (english, greek and turkish subtitles available):

In the fourth video, the Cypriot Puzzle looks at the ‘non-citizens’ of Cyprus.

  • What is the number of non-citizens on the island today?
  • Which groups does this category include?
  • Are all, some, or none of these groups stakeholders in Cypriot polity?

Watch the video (english, greek and turkish subtitles available):

For a general overview of the project, click here and for the full report of the production, click  here.

MagemYOUTH_POWER_LOGO-01-01Youthopiaeuropean union

This action was made possible through the Youthopia Small Grants Scheme, implemented by MAGEM and YOUTH POWER and funded by the European Union.

This action was only possible thanks to the voluntary work of the Cypriot Puzzle team.


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  1. O Eylem said:

    Hi. First of all, I want to congratulate everyone who took part in creating this great piece of work! I also think that Cypriot puzzle is exactly the right word to refer to the history of the communities of this island which is full of uncertainities. I have questions about how Turkish Cypriots are represented in the videos. So according to the videos, today’s Greek speaking Cypriots are descendants of many (mainly Christian) civilizations but the Turkish speaking Cypriots are only coming from Otomans and they have not mixed with other communities? I am not a historian myself and I don’t rely on my own knowledge of history which is biased by the history books! But I think there must have been some mixed marriages or some Christians perhaps converted into Islam in order to avoid paying taxes to Ottomans when the island was ruled by Ottomans. To complicate the Cyprus puzzle more, I think Today’s Turkish speaking Cypriots/ Turkish speakers are also a mixed community.

  2. Science and politics said:

    I will have to disagree with those videos, since the facts and figures disagree with them.

    Demographics of Cyprus- Brief description of the groups and their ancestry. (Facts)

    Greek Cypriots (Vast majority of Cypriots and the natives of the island): Descendants of a mix of mainly Hellenes (such as Arcadian and others) or Hellenized a few thousand years ago people starting at 1400 BC (Eteocypriots), with a small proportion of Western European ex-conquerors (Franks and Venetians) that have integrated with them.

    Turkish Cypriots (Minority of Cypriots): Descendants of a mix of mainly islamized between 1571 and 1878 Greek Cypriots, with a smaller proportion of Ottoman ex-conquerors, plus a very small portion of islamized European ex-conquerors (Franks and Venetians), that have integrated with them.

    Latins (Small minority of Cypriots): Descendants of mainly western Europeans (Franks and Venetians) ex-conquerors between 1191-1571 .

    Armenia:(Very small minority of Cypriots) Descendants of mainly Armenians, from the area of Levant, Asia Minor and Armenia

    Maronites:(Very small minority Cypriots) Descendants of mainly Maronite Christians from the area of Levant

    Demographics of Cyprus – Statistics of different times and of different valid and reliable sources (Figures)

    Official Demographics of the British Empire, for Cyprus 1946

    Greek Cypriots 80.2%, Turkish Cypriots 17.9%, Others 1.9% (Latins, Armenians, Maronites)

    Official Demographics of the Republic of Cyprus 1960

    Greek Cypriots 77.1%, Turkish Cypriots 18.2%, Others 4.7% (Latins, Armenians, Maronites)

    Official Demographics of the Republic of Cyprus 1974

    Greek Cypriots 78.9%, Turkish Cypriots 18.4%, Others 2.7% (Latins, Armenians, Maronites)

    CIA demographics of Cyprus 2001 .

    Greek Cypriots 77%, Turkish Cypriots 18%, Others 5%

  3. Science and politics said:


    Facts and figures show an 95% Greek figure in history, a 95% Greek figure in nativity, an 80% in numbers, and a 90% in homogeneity of the 80% of numbers. That is a 90% figure which correlates with all facts and figures. These videos are trying to show a 15%, figure for the Greeks.

    Facts and figures show a 2% Turkish figure in history, 18% in numbers, and a 40% in homogeneity of the 18% of the numbers. That is a 5% figure, which comes accurately by the mixture of all facts and figures. These videos are trying to show an 100% in homogeneity for the Turks, and a 25% figure for the Turks.

    Facts and figures show a 3% others figure in history, 3% in numbers, and an 80% in homogeneity of the 3% of the numbers That is a 3% figure. These videos are trying to show a 65% figure for the others.

  4. Science and politics said:

    All kinds of brief and historical of 2100-2800 years ago ex-conquerors, that are mentioned, are neither indigenous nor there is any prove that they have left any significant and permanent mark in the island, so they are not to be presented as almost indigenous and even more important, than the Greeks for Cyprus, as in the videos. In addition most of the foreigners, and not indigenous that live in Cyprus, are Europeans and not something else.

    Even with a brief walk in the cities and villages, someone can see the same real facts and figures that I have presented.:)

    Make your self a favorite and tell your sponsors to just stop what they are trying to do in the island.

  5. hatice said:

    this is very simplistic !
    i would like to take issue with a phrase used in part 3..
    there is no proof of there being an ‘ armenian genocide in turkey’
    therefore this phrase should be taken out !!!

  6. Mertkan Hamit (@mertkancyp) said:

    Dear Hatice
    Together with other 29 countries Republic of Cyprus recognizes Armenian Genocide. This make a RoC citizen’s claim formally acceptable.
    At the international level also there are various bodies recognizing the Armenian Genocide. We know that the notion of “Crimes against humanity” emerged shortly after the atrocities against the Armenian population in the soil of the Ottoman Empire.
    Also the European Parliament and the Council of Europe recognized the Armenian Genocide. I would like to remind that it is an organisation that Turkey is a member state as well. ( )
    Finally and for me most starking is the fact that in 1919 the Ottoman Courts acknowledged the Armenian War Crimes and sentenced perpetrators to death. However in 1921 Amnesty was given after the foundation of Turkey People’s Grand Assembly.
    There are a lot to say but history proves the atrocities. Today, the recognition or rejection of the Armenian Genocide is much of a ideological choice however one has to admit that crimes against the humanity took place and simplistic rejectionist stance does not open a room for discussion.

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